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人教版初二英语下册语法短语复习提纲三篇

2021-01-12 10:19:46 浏览量:

  英语的掌握程度无限接近母语水平,可灵活的使用流利的、纯正的英语表达所思所想,形成本能的、条件反射式的思维方式,让语言回归于实际生活应用。下面是课件网小编为您整理的《人教版八年级下册英语复习提纲》,仅供大家参考。
 

人教版初二英语下册语法短语复习提纲

  人教版初二英语下册语法短语复习提纲1

  单词:

  1. 关于decision 决定(名词)

  decide 决定(动词) ;make a decision = decide

  decide to do sth = make a decision to sth 决定去做某事;

  decide on (doing) sth = make a decision on (doing) sth 决定(做)某事

  2. 关于message(消息):

  Ø message 消息(可数名词) take a message for sb.(给某人捎口信);leave a message 留言

  news 新闻、消息(不可数名词);information 消息、信息(不可数名词)

  a piece of news/information 一条信息,two pieces of news/information 两条信息

  Ø 与此类似的还有:advice 建议(不可数), suggestion 建议(可数); some advice/suggestions

  3. 关于bring, take:

  Ø bring指“从别处把东西或人带来”“拿来”,表示将人或物带到或拿到说话者所在的位置的这个动作; 短语:bring … to …把…带来… (bring → brought → brought)

  Ø take指“把东西带走或拿走”,表示将人或物拿开或带离说话者所在的位置的这个动作;

  短语: take … to … 把…带去…

  人教版初二英语下册语法短语复习提纲2

  短语&句型:

  1. every Saturday 在每周六(其前不加任何介词) 2. first of all 首先

  3. both … and… 两者都 both of 两者都

  neither … nor … 两者都不(就近一致原则) neither of + n. 两者都不(三单)

  either … or… 两者之一 (就近一致原则) either of + n. 两者之一(三单)

  Me neither. = Neither/Nor + 助动词/情态动词、be动词 + I 我也不…。

  Me too. = So + 助动词/情态动词、be动词 + I 我也…

  So + 主语 + 助动词/情态动词、be动词 的确(对别人的观点表示赞同)

  4. most of + 可数名词复数/不可数名词 绝大多数

  5. agree on something 同意某人的计划 agree to do sth. 答应/同意做…

  agree with sb. 同意某人的观点 allow sb. to do sth 同意某人去做某事

  6. pass on       传递

  7. be supposed to do sth. = should do 应当做…; 被期望或被要求做... ...

  8. be in good health = be healthy身体健康 9. get over (it)       克服

  10. open up       打开 11. care for        照料;照顾

  12. be/get mad at/with sb. 生某人的气 be/get mad about sth 对… 事生气

  get angry/annoyed with sb. 生某人的气

  13. have a surprise party 开一个惊喜晚会 14. do a homework project 做家庭作业

  15. do well in = be good at在……方面做得好 16. do better in=be better at 在……做得更好

  17. do badly in =be weak in在……做得糟

  18. a hard-working boy 一个勤学的男孩 19. work hard 努力学习

  20. a disappointing result令人失望的结果 22. be disappointed at sth/sb. 对…感到失望

  23. have a hard time with sth在…方面有困难

  24. fight with sb. = have a (big) fight with 和……打架

  argue with sb. = have an argument with sb 与…争吵

  25. change one’s life 改变…的生活 (life 生活,生命;可数名词,复数为:lives)

  26. open up one’s eyes开阔视野 27. give a good start in life 给生活一个好开始

  28. a poor mountain village 贫穷的山村 29. a one-year program 一年的项目

  30. Things are fine here. 这里情况很好。 31. How is it going? 情况如何?

  32. I hope everything goes well. 我希望一切顺利

  33. Best wishes and good luck for you. 祝福你,祝你幸运..

  34. Mom and dad send their love to you. 爸爸妈妈向你问好。

  35. That’s about all the news I have for now.那就是我要说的。

  人教版初二英语下册语法短语复习提纲3

  语法

  直接引语 间接引语

  (一)、概念:

  直接引语:说话人直接引用别人的原话,引用部分要加引号。

  间接引语:说话人用自己的话把别人的意思转述出来,转述部分不用引号。

  (二)、转换方法(两注意,一了解):

  Ø 两注意:先注意人称变化,再注意时态变化;一了解:指示代词、时间状语、地点状语的变化。

  l 人称变化:一随主(直接引语中的第一人称应随主句中的主语变为相应的人称,但注意只改人称不变词性)

  e.g. He said: “I am a good student.”→He said he was a good student. (主格)

  He said: “My parents are teachers.”→He said his parents were teachers. (形代)

  二随宾(直接引语中的第二人称应随主句中的宾语变为相应的人称,同样只改人称不变词性)

  e.g. He said (to me): “ You have to go there.” →He said I had to go there.(主格)

  He said (to me): “Your brother has to go there.”→He said my brother had to go there.(宾格)

  三不变(直接引语中的第三人称不需要改变)

  e.g. He said: “ He swims every day.”→He said he swam every day.

  l 时态变化,按下表进行改变

  直接引语间接引语

  一般现在时一般过去时(客观真理除外,仍用现在时)

  现在进行时过去进行时

  现在完成时过去完成时

  一般过去时过去完成时

  过去完成时过去完时

  一般将来时过将来时

  Ø 一了解:指示代词、时间状语、地点状语可以不变,也可按以下规则进行变化:

  直接引语间接引语

  指示代词this这 these这些that那 those那些

  时间状语now现在then那时

  today 今天that day 那天

  tonight 今晚that night那天晚上

  this week 这星期that week那个星期

  yesterday 昨天the day before前一天

  last week 上星期the week before前一个星期

  ago以前before 以前

  tomorrow明天the next/following day第二天

  next week 下星期the next week 第二个星期

  地点状语here 这里there 那里

  动词come来go 去

  (三)、注意以下几种句型,它们在直接引语变间接引时,除了遵循以上人称和时态的变化外,还有一些特殊的要求:

  1. 直接引语为陈述句,完全遵循以上方法

  2. 直接引语为一般疑问句、选择疑问句或反义疑问句时,先用“if”或“whether”来引出从句,再把从句写成一个陈述句。

  e.g. He asked me: “Are you a student?”.(一疑)→He asked me if I was a student.

  He asked me: “Do you like math or English?”(选疑)→He asked me if I liked math or English.

  He asked me: “He is your brother, isn’t he?”(反疑)→He asked me if he was my brother.

  3. 直接引语为特殊疑问句时,先保留特殊疑问词,再把从句写成一个陈述句。

  e.g. His mother asked: “Where is Tom?”→His mother asked where Tom was.

  She asked: “Where do you come from?”→She asked where I came from.

  4. 直接引语为肯定祈使句时,应用短语:ask/tell sb. to do sth来转换。

  e.g. The teacher said: “Open the door.”→The teacher asked/told me to open the door.

  5. 直接引语为否定祈使句时,应用短语:ask/tell sb. not to do sth 来转换

  e.g. My parents said: “Don’t play in the street.”→My parents asked me not to play in the street.

 

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