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英语初二下册课件

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英语初二下册课件

  (一)本单元语言目标:

  1. 谈论在学校和家庭中遇到的种种麻烦和问题。

  2. 为他人找到合理的解决办法,提出相应的建议。

  3. 为自己的问题找到解决办法。

  (二)重点单词:

  1. play v. 播放 2. loud adj. 高声的;大声的 3. argue v. 争论,争吵 4. wrong adj. 错误的;有毛病的;不适合的 5. could v. can的过去式 6. ticket n. 票,入场券

  7. surprise v. 使惊奇;使意外 8. other adj. 任一的;(两方中的)每一方的

  9. except prep. 除;把......除外 10. fail v. 失败 11. football n. 足球

  12. until prep. 到......为止 13. fit v. 适合,适应 14. include v. 包括;包含

  15. send v. 发送,寄 16. themselves pron. 他们自己(反身代词)

  (三)重点词组:

  1. keep out不让......进入2. out of style不时髦的;过时的3. call sb. up打电话给......4. pay for付款

  5. ask for要求6. the same as与......同样的7. in style时髦的;流行的8. get on相处;进展

  9. as much as possible尽可能多10. all kinds of各种;许多11. on theone hand, ......(在)一方面,......

  12. on the other hand, ......另一方面,......

  (四)重点句型:

  1. What should I do?我应该怎么做?2. You could write him a letter.你可以写信给他。

  3. What should he do?他应该怎么做?4. Maybe he should say he's sorry.也许他应该说抱歉。

  5. What should they do?他们应该怎么做?6. They shouldn't argue.他们不应该争吵。

  (五)重点语法:

  情态动词should的用法

  should是情态动词,它的基本用法是必须和其他动词一起构成谓语。情态动词没有人称和数的变化,意为"应该......"。should(应当,应该)用于所有人称,表示劝告或建议。

  eg. You should wait a little more.你应该再多等一会儿。

  --- I have a very bad cold.我感冒很厉害。--- You should lie down and have a rest.你应该躺下,多喝水。

  在这个单元中我们还学到用"could"表示建议,这时could不是can的过去式,而表示比should更加委婉的建议。

  --- I need some money to pay for the summer camp.

  ---- You should/ could borrow some money from your brother.

  (六)知识点讲解:

  1. I don't have enough money.我没有足够的钱。

  enough:adj.充足的、充分的,在句子中可作定语修饰名词,也可作表语。

  eg. Do you have enough time? Six pieces of paper will be enough.

  2. I argued with my best friend.我与我的朋友吵架了。

  argue with sb.意为"与......争吵,争论" eg. He often argue with his classmates.

  3. My clothes are out of style. 我的衣服过时了。

  be out of style / fashion表示"过时""不合乎时尚" 反义词是"be in fashion"表示"合乎时尚"

  eg. He is aways in fashion. The sofa is out of style, and I don't like it.

  4. Maybe you should call him up.

  (1)maybe是副词,用来表示推测,译为"也许,或许,大概"。

  eg. Maybe you are right. Maybe they will go out for a walk.

  maybe不同于may be。maybe是一个词,是副词,may be是情态动词may加上动词原形be,意为"或许",后接形容词、名词、代词等。eg. It may be true. He may be the man we are looking for.

  (2)call sb up .打电话给某人

  eg. I called up Zhang Hong at eight o'clock. 原句中him为代词,所以放在call和up之间,不能说成call up him。

  eg. I'll call her up this afternoon. Could you ask him to call me, please.在这个句子中,省略up。

  5. I don't want to surprise him. 我不想使他惊讶。

  在这句话中surprise是个行为动词,可以说成"surprise sb.",表示"使......惊讶"。

  eg. The news surprises us greatly.surprised adj.惊讶的surprising adj.令人惊讶的

  eg. I'm surprised to hear the news.It's a surprising gift, and I love it.

  6. No, he doesn't have any money, either.不,他也没有钱。either的用法:用作副词,用在否定句或否定词组后加强语气,表示"也","而且"。 eg. He doesn't like singing, and he doesn't like dancing, either.

  either用作代词时,常表示"两者之中任何一个",常与短语连用或用作宾语。

  eg. Either of them will agree with you.I don't like either of the books.

  7. I need to get some money to pay for summer camp.

  我需要一些钱支付夏令营。

  (1)need是个情态动词,也可以是行为动词。

  ▲当它是情态动词时,后边直接加行为动词,表示"需要",但need作情态动词时一般不用于肯定句。它一般用于否定句和疑问句中,例如:

  ①You need not meet him.你不必见他。②Need I repeat it?我有必要重复它吗?

  对上一句的简略回答为:Yes, you need. No, you needn't.

  ▲此外情态动词must提问时,否定回答时为No, ... needn't。

  例如:Must he finish the homework now? Yes, he must. No, he needn't.

  当need作行为动词时,同其他行为动词一样对待,need后加不定式为"need to do"。



 

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