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八年级英语上册Unit1单元测试卷及答案解析

2021-04-28 15:01:56 浏览量:

  学习这件事不在于有没有人教你,最重要的是在于你自己有没有觉悟和恒心。下面是课件范文网小编为您推荐八年级英语上册Unit1单元测试卷及答案解析。
 

八年级英语上册Unit1单元测试卷及答案解析

  第Ⅰ卷(共50分)

  Ⅰ. 听力(10分)

  (Ⅰ)录音中有五个句子, 听一遍后, 选择与其相符的图片。(5分)

  1.     2.     3.     4.     5.

  1. Jeff went paragliding yesterday.

  2. My father went to the beach on vacation.

  3. They went shopping last Sunday.

  4. Peter goes to the Summer Camp every year.

  5. I visited Huangguoshu Waterfall last week.

  答案: 1~5. BDACE

  (Ⅱ)录音中有一段对话, 听两遍后, 选择最佳答案。(5分)

  6. Where did Susan go on vacation?

  A. She went to the beach.

  B. She went to the countryside.

  C. She stayed at home.

  7. What did Susan and her friends do there?

  A. They climbed mountains.

  B. They went hiking and fishing.

  C. Both A and B.

  8. How did they go there?

  A. By bus.    B. By car.   C. By bicycle.

  9. Who did they meet there?

  A. Some foreigners.      B. Some farmers.

  C. Some actors.

  10. How was Susan’s vacation?

  A. Great.    B. Not good.   C. Terrible.

  M: Hi, Susan. Where did you go on vacation?

  W: Well, I went to the countryside with my friends.

  M: Really? What did you do there?

  W: We climbed the mountains, went hiking and fishing.

  M: Sounds good. How long did you stay there?

  W: For two days.

  M: And how did you go there?

  W: We rode our bicycles.

  M: Really cool! How was the weather there?

  W: It was sunny and warm.

  M: Did you meet any farmers there?

  W: Of course. And we talked to them. Their life is getting better and better now. Most of them have computers or cars in their homes.

  M: Great! Did you have a good time there?

  W: Yes, we did. And I hope to go there next vacation.

  答案: 6~10. BCCBA

  Ⅱ. 单项选择(10分)

  1. (2013•齐齐哈尔中考)—Have you read today’s newspaper?

  —No, I haven’t. Is there   in it?

  A. something important B. anything special

  C. new anything

  【解析】选B。考查不定代词的用法。something多用于肯定句, anything常用于疑问句或否定句中, 且形容词修饰不定代词时, 要放在不定代词的后面。故选B。

  2. —Believe in   , Jack! I’m sure you can make it.

  —Thank you, Mum.

  A. myself B. yourself C. himself D. herself

  【解析】选B。考查反身代词。句意: ——杰克, 相信你自己!我确信你能成功。——谢谢你, 妈妈。yourself“你自己”。故选B。

  3. (2013•泰安中考)—Who helped you clean the bedroom yesterday, Kitty?

  —   . I cleaned it all by myself.

  A. Nobody B. Everybody

  C. Somebody D. Anybody

  【解析】选A。考查不定代词。句意: ——Kitty, 昨天谁帮你打扫卧室了?

  ——没有人。我自己打扫的。nobody“没有人”; everybody“每个人”; somebody“某人”; anybody“任何人”。由句意可知选A。

  4. The Greens arrived   New York   a sunny day.

  A. in; in B. at; in C. at; on D. in; on

  【解析】选D。考查介词辨析。arrive“到达”, 后加介词in或at, 表示到达“某地”; 到达一个大地方, 用介词in, 小地方用介词at; 表示在具体的某一天用介词on。故选D。

  5. Oh, the food smells good. But what does it   like?

  A. seem B. sound C. taste D. feel

  【解析】选C。考查动词辨析。seem“好像; 看来”; sound“听起来”; taste“尝起来”; feel“感觉”。由句意“哦, 这食物闻起来很好。但是尝起来怎么样呢? ”可知选C。

  6. —What a nice watch! When   you   it?

  —Three days ago.

  A. do; buy B. did; bought

  C. were; buy D. did; buy

  【解析】选D。考查时态。由答语Three days ago. 可知问句应用一般过去时态。行为动词的一般过去时态中, 要借助于助动词did构成疑问句, 且did后要用动词原形。故选D。

  7. (2013•随州中考)—Is your friend Michael still in Australia?

  —I don’t know. I have   information about him because we haven’t seen each other for   years.

  A. a little; a few B. little; a few

  C. a few; a little D. few; a little

  【解析】选B。考查代词的用法。由语境知答语意为: 我不知道。对于他我了解的信息很少, 因为我们几年没见面了。information是不可数名词, 表示否定含义用little修饰; years是可数名词, 表示肯定含义用a few修饰。故选B。

  8. The Great Wall is   famous   lots of visitors all over the world come to visit it every year.

  A. so; that B. such; that

  C. enough; that D. very; that

  【解析】选A。考查固定句式。句意: 长城如此著名以至于每年世界各地的许多游客都来旅游参观。so/such. . . that“如此……以至于……”, so修饰形容词、副词或其前有many/much/little/few修饰的名词; such修饰名词。由空格中间的famous“著名的”可知选A。

  9. Jane   to Mount Tai with her family last summer vacation.

  A. go B. goes

  C. went D. is going

  【解析】选C。考查时态。由时间状语last summer vacation可知用一般过去时态。故选C。

  10. (2013•呼和浩特中考)—I’m going to spend my summer holiday in Hawaii.

  —What a lucky boy!   And don’t forget to send me a postcard.

  A. That sounds good. B. Have a good time!

  C. Good luck! D. Can I go with you?

  【解析】选B。考查情景交际。句意: ——我将在夏威夷度过我的暑假。——多么幸运啊!祝你玩得开心!并且不要忘记给我寄明信片。A项“那听起来不错”; B项“玩得高兴!过得愉快!”; C项“祝你好运!”D项“我能和你一起去吗? ”故选B。

  Ⅲ. 完形填空(20分)

  This week, I asked my classmates about their vacations. Here are some of their answers.

  Linda 1 to Sydney, Australia. The 2 was sunny and the people 3 friendly to her. She went there by 4 and the air trip was relaxing. She went to Sydney Opera House. It’s wonderful. She had a 5 vacation.

  Alice went 6 her aunt. At first the weather was 7 and wet, she had to stay at the house. She watched TV 8 the TV shows were boring. Later on the weather got better. So she went shopping with her aunt. The shop assistants were all 9 and kind. She bought something nice for herself.

  Peter stayed at home. First he did his homework. It was a little difficult. Then he 10 computer games. They were interesting. He thought his vacation was OK.

  1. A. go    B. goes    C. went    D. going

  【解析】选C。考查时态。根据上下文语境知此处要用一般过去时态。故选C。

  2. A. place B. weather C. museum D. beach

  【解析】选B。考查词义辨析。根据后面的句子可以推知答案应为“天气(weather)”。

  3. A. were B. was C. is D. are

  【解析】选A。考查时态。根据语境可以判断要用一般过去时态; 而people为复数名词, 系动词应用were。故选A。

  4. A. bike B. train C. bus D. plane

  【解析】选D。考查语境理解。根据后面的“the air trip was relaxing. ”可以推知答案。

  5. A. bad B. terrible C. great D. boring

  【解析】选C。考查语境理解。根据本段内容可以判断她的假期过得很好。

  6. A. to visit B. visiting C. visited D. visits

  【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。表示目的, 应用不定式(to do)作目的状语。故选A。

  7. A. sunny B. rainy C. windy D. wind

  【解析】选B。考查语境理解。由句中“wet”一词可知天气状况为rainy“下雨的”。故选B。

  8. A. but B. and C. or D. with

  【解析】选A。本题考查连词。前后文有转折之意, 故用表示转折意思的“but”。

  9. A. friend B. impolite

  C. unfriendly D. friendly

  【解析】选D。考查语境理解。根据上下文的意思可以判断售货员的态度应为friendly“友好的”。故选D。

  10. A. play B. played C. listened D. wrote

  【解析】选B。考查词义辨析。句意: 然后他玩了电脑游戏。玩游戏要用动词play, 且由语境知时态为一般过去时, 此处要用played。故选B。

  Ⅳ. 阅读理解(10分)

  Our family went to the Yellow Stone National Park last summer vacation. Our son, Tom, wanted to see bears there. And what an experience(经历)it was!

  When we got there, we put up our tent and went to explore(探险). As we returned, we heard our daughter Susie cry out. And then we saw a bear go into our camp.

  Tom wanted his father to chase(追赶)him away. His father said, “No. It’s dangerous to chase a bear. And don’t let him chase you. ”Susie said, “What shall we do? Maybe we should climb a tree. ”Tom said, “No. We have to get him out of there. He might go to sleep in our tent. ”“Maybe we could make him leave if we put some honey outside for him to eat. ”Susie suggested. Then I said, “How are you going to get the honey? It’s in the tent. ”We watched the bear go into the tent and heard him upset(翻倒; 弄翻)everything inside. “It’s foolish for us to try to chase him away. ”said my husband, “Leave him alone and wait for him to come out. ”We waited, but the bear stayed inside. We had to sleep in the car that night.

  1. Tom wanted to go to Yellow Stone National Park to see   .

  A. tigers   B. wolves   C. bears   D. birds

  【解析】选C。事实细节题。由第一段第二句可知。

  2. Where did the family go on vacation last summer?

  A. They went to the Central Park.

  B. They went to Yellow Stone National Park.

  C. They went to a zoo.

  D. They just stayed at home.

  【解析】选B。事实细节题。由第一段第一句可知。

  3. Who do you think saw the bear first?

  A. Susie. B. Tom.

  C. The writer. D. The writer’s husband.

  【解析】选A。推理判断题。由第二段第二、三句可推知: 苏茜首先看到了熊。

  4. What did they do when they saw a bear go into their tent?

  A. They chased the bear away.

  B. They stayed outside the tent and did nothing.

  C. They climbed up a tree.

  D. They put some honey outside for the bear to eat.

  【解析】选B。推理判断题。综合第三段信息可知: 他们看到熊进了他们的帐篷时, 他们只是待在外面。

  5. What did the bear do in the tent?

  A. He ate the honey.

  B. He chased the people away.

  C. He drank the beer.

  D. He turned things upside down.

  【解析】选D。事实细节题。由最后一段中“We watched the bear go into the tent and heard him upset everything inside. ”可知。

  第Ⅱ卷(共50分)

  Ⅴ. 词汇运用(10分)

  根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词。

  1. H     can lay eggs, but cocks can’t.

  2. He got wet in the rain because he didn’t have an u     .

  3. You can ask     (任何人)here for help if you are in trouble.

  4. Most people     (不喜欢)selfish men.

  5. Both of John’s parents are     (商人). They’re very busy.

  答案: 1. Hens 2. umbrella 3. anyone 4. dislike 5. traders

  Ⅵ. 完成句子(20分)

  1. 每次乘飞机时, 我感觉我就像一只鸟儿飞翔在天空。

  I___________ ___________a bird flying in the sky every time when I take a plane.

  2. 这是一座多么美丽的校园呀!

  ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________it is!

  3. 因为下大雪, 他只好待在家里。

  He had to stay at home___________ ___________the heavy snow.

  4. 最后大卫决定再尝试一次。

  David finally___________ ___________ ___________it again.

  5. 我希望有足够的钱为父母买一所大房子。

  I hope to have___________ ___________ ___________ ___________a big house

  my parents.

  答案: 1. feel like 2. What a beautiful school 3. because of 4. decided to try

  5. enough money to buy; for

  Ⅶ. 书面表达(20分)

  北京(Beijing)是中国的首都(capital)。它有许多名胜古迹(interesting places), 如长城、故宫、天安门广场等。假如你是Kate, 你到北京旅游, 度过了一个愉快的暑假。请你给你的同学Mike发一封电子邮件, 介绍一下北京之旅。

  要求: 1. 语言正确, 条理清晰, 书写规范;

  2. 词数: 60~80个词。

  Dear Mike,

  Yours,

  Kate

  【参考范文】

  Dear Mike,

  How are you? How was your summer vacation?

  I spent my summer vacation in Beijing, China, with my parents. It was great. Beijing is the capital of China. It has lots of interesting places. The weather was sunny. I went to the Great Wall and it was great and exciting, I think. Then I went to the Palace Museum. It was cool! Next I visited Tian’ anmen Square. It was beautiful. Beijing is a beautiful city. I love Beijing and I hope to visit it again.

  Yours,

  Kate

  Ⅷ. 补全对话(10分)

  从方框中选择最佳选项完成对话, 有两项多余

  A. No, I didn’t.

  B. Where did you go on vacation?

  C. How was your vacation?

  D. Yes, they were.

  E. How were the people?

  F. Yes, I did.

  G. What about you?

  A: Hello, Tina! 1

  B: I stayed at home.  2

  A: I went to New York.

  B: Really?  3

  A: Pretty good.

  B: Did you see the Statue of Liberty(自由女神像)?

  A:  4 It was great!

  B: Were the people friendly?

  A:  5

  答案: 1~5. BGCFD

  Ⅸ. 短文填空(10分)

  用所给动词的适当形式填空, 完成短文。

  I 1 (go)to Paris with my parents on vacation. The weather was fine. We 2 (have)a sightseeing(观光)tour of the city and we also 3 (visit)some of the famous places like the Eiffel Tower. From Paris we traveled down to the south of France near Marseilles by boat. We 4 (stay)there for three days. There we had a lot of fun. We 5 (swim)in the sea and 6 (take)many photos. We also 7 (do)lots of sports on the beach. We 8 (go)back a week later by train. The people there 9 (be)friendly. The food 10 (be)delicious. So the trip was really great.

  10.

  答案: 1. went 2. had 3. visited 4. stayed 5. swam

  6. took 7. did 8. went 9. were 10. was

 

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