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2021-04-01 11:04:42 浏览量:






  常见的不定代词有 all, both, each, every, some, any, many, much, (a)few, (a)little, one, ones, either, neither, other, another, no, none 以 及含有 some-, any-, no-等的合成代词(如:anybody, something, no one) 。

  这些不定代词大多 可以代替名词,在句子中作主语、宾语、表语或定语。但 none 和由 some, any, no, every 构 成的复合不定代词(如 somebody 等)只能作主语、 宾语和表语。 every 和 no 只能作定语。

  不定代词可作主语。当作主语时,要明确这一不定代词究竟是单数还是复数,以确定它和 谓语动词在人和数的一致。

  不定代词还可作定语。当作定语时,应该注意其所修饰的名词是可数还是不可数,以确定 这个名词用单数还是复数。

  例: Much has been done to fight pollution;each of them has got a present.

  many, few 和 both 用于可数名词,表示复数概念。

  All, both 和 each 和含有 every 的复合代词用在否定句中只表示部分否定。

  例:Not all the students have been to the Austrlia. She can’t work out both of the difficult problems. Everybody cannot work out the problem.

  Neither,none 和含有 no 的复合代词表示全部否定。

  例: None of us can answer the question. Neither of the questions is right.


  例 1、No progress was made in the trade talk as neither side would accept the conditions of ____.

  A. others B. the other C. either D. another


  【解析】根据上文 neither 的提示可以看出所指的应该是两者中的另外一个,所以用 the other。这句的意思是:贸易谈判没有取得进展,因为双方都不愿意接受对方的条件。


  1. amuse

  「课文原句」Parks provide people with a place to amuse themselves and to escape their busy lives for a while. (P33)

  「名师点拨」amuse vt. 意为“使高兴;使开心”,和please(取悦于;让……高兴)是近义词。amuse oneself意为“自娱自乐;消遣”。amuse的名词形式是amusement.如:I think it amuses him to see people make fools of themselves. I bought a magazine to amuse myself while I was on the train. They are more than amusement parks with rides, such as a Ferris wheel, merry-go-round or a roller coaster. (P33)

  Carl came last in the race, much to my amusement.「知识拓展」amused adj. 意为“逗乐的;觉得好笑的”,常用be amused (at / by sth),指“觉得有趣;好笑;以……为乐”。如:She was very amused by / at your comments. Amused by the flying kites, the child stopped crying.

  2. various

  「课文原句」Though parks share this basic purpose, they find various ways to meet this need. (P33)

  「名师点拨」various adj. 意为“不同的;各种各样的”,相当于different kinds of,后接复数名词。如:At the meeting, the people present expressed their various opinions. The students were late for various reasons.「知识拓展」various是由动词vary(变化)派生而来的形容词,它的副词形式是variously.variety是名词,意为“有变化”,用a variety of表示“各种各样的;多种多样的”,后接复数名词,可与various互用。如:These new parks have a variety of things to see and do. (P33)

  3. charge

  「课文原句」They all charge money for admission, and for the rides and shows in the park. (P33)

  「名师点拨」charge通常作及物动词,意为“收(费);索(价)”,此时charge后接宾语(被收费的对象)和钱数;如果接购买的商品或其它原因,用for连接。如:I‘ll charge you five dollars. How much do you charge for a haircut?

  charge还可以表示“把……归咎于(to, on, upon);告发;在控告(with)”。如:Bob was charged with the murder, but he refused to admit it.

  「知识拓展」charge作名词时,构成许多固定搭配:in charge(主管);in charge of(负责某事);in the charge of(由……管);take charge of(负责管理)。如:The doctor in charge told us to be calm. Who is in charge of the school instead of Mr Black?

  The factory has been in the charge of the new boss for five months. Can you take charge of this class please, Miss Li?

  4. profit

  「课文原句」The big companies that own them parks except to make a profit not just by the charges for admission… (P33)

  「名师点拨」profit n.意为“利润;经济上的好处”,既可数也不可数,用作复数的场合较多;也可译为“好处;益处(不可数)”。make a profit指“获得利润”。如:Tom said he would give up his profits if there were no explanations to give him. She makes a big profit from selling waste material to textile companies.「知识拓展」profit也可作及物或不及物动词,profit by意为“从……中得到好处”。如:You must make it clear what it will profit me. You may profit by the experience of others.

  5. advance

  「课文原句」… and there are future parks, where people can go on imaginary trips to space and use advanced computer techniques to experience life in the future. (P34)

  「名师点拨」advanced adj. 意为“高级的;先进的”,其动词形式是advance,可作及物动词或不及物动词,意为“推进;促进;提前”。如:The Party Committee is going to advance our career to a new stage. (及物动词)

  The date of the meeting has been advanced from Friday to Monday. (及物动词)

  After having studied abroad for three years, they didn‘t advance in knowledge at all. (不及物动词)



  (一) 动词的时态

  时态动词是谓语动所表示的动作或情况发生时间的各种形式。英语动词有 16 种 时态,但是常用的只有 9 种:一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、现在进行时、过去进行时、现在完成时、过去完


  1、 一般现在时的用法 (do/does)

  1) 表示经常性、习惯性的动作; 表示现在的状态、 特征和真理。 句中常用 often, usually, every day, sometimes, every week/year, twice aweek 等时间状语。

  例如: a. He goes to school every day. b. He is very happy. c.The earth moves around the sun.

  2) 在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,用一般现在时表示将来。例如: 在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,用一般现在时表示将来。

  例如: a. If you come this afternoon, we’ll have a meeting. b. When I graduate, I’ll go to countryside.

  3) 有时这个时态表示按计划、规定 按时间表要发生的动作(句中都带有时间,有时这个时态表示按计划、规定, 按时间表要发生的动作,但限于少数动词 状语),但限于少数动词,如:begin, come,

  leave, go ,arrive, start , stop, return,open, close 等。

  例如: a. the meeting begins at seven.

  b. the rain starts at nine in the morning.

  4) 表示状态和感觉的动词(be, like, hate, think, remember, find, sound 等)常用一般现在进行时。

  a. i like english very much.

  b. the story sound very interesting.

  5) 书报的标题、小说等情节介绍常用一般现在时。

  2.一般过去时的用法:(did) 一般过去时的用法

  1) 表示过去某时间发生的事、存在的状态或过反复发生的动作。常与 yesterday,the other day, ….ago, in the past, in +过去时间(1998)。

  a. he saw mr. wang yesterday.

  b. he worked in a factory in 1986.

  2) 表示过去经常发生的动作,也可用 “used to “ 和“would + 动词原形”。

  例如: I used to smoke. During the vacation i would swim in the sea.

  注: ”used to “ 表示过去常发生而现在不再发生的动作或存在的状态。 “would + 动词原形”没有 “现在不再……”含义。

  3.一般将来时的用法(shall/will do)一般将来时表示将来的动作或状态。

  1)其表达形式除了 “ will 或 shall + 动词原 表示即将发生的或最近打算进行的事。

  例如:It is going to rain. We are going to have a meeting today.

  2)“be to + 动词原形” 表示按计划进行或征求对方意见。

  例如:The boy is to go to school tomorrow. Are we to go on with this work?

  3) “be about to + 动词原形 表示即将发生的动作,意为 be ready to do sth. 后面一般不跟时间状语。

  例如:we are about to leave.

  4) go , come , start, move, sail, leave, arrive ,stay 等可用进行时态表示按计划即将发生的动作。

  例如:i’m leaving for beijing. 将发生的动作

  5) 某些动词 如 come, go ,leave, arrive, start, get , stay 等的一般现在时也可表示将来。

  例如:The meeting starts at five o’clock. He gets off at the next stop.



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