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高二英语必背知识点总结6篇

2021-04-06 15:03:24 浏览量:

  学习的敌人是自己的满足,要认真学习一点东西,必须从不自满开始。对自己,“学而不厌”,对人家,“诲人不倦”,我们应取这种态度。以下是课件范文网小编为您推荐高二英语必背知识点总结6篇。
 

高二英语必背知识点总结

  高二英语必背知识点1

  1.right away毫不迟疑,立刻

  2.It seemed as if the world was at an end.世界似乎到了末日。

  从句表示“(在某人)看来好像;似乎”

  ① It seems/looks/appears as if/though…看起来好像…

  ② Sb./Sth.looks as if/though…

  ③ There seems/appears(to be)…

  There appears to have been a mistake.

  2.in ruins.变为废墟

  3.Two-thirds

  4.Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.

  5.under the weight of在……重压下,迫于

  6.in the open air在户外,在野外,露天

  7.take turns to do sth依次,轮流做某事

  in turn依次地,轮流地

  8.be shocked at对……感到震惊

  9.be proud of以……为自豪

  10.express one’s thanks to sb/for sth…对/因……表示感谢

  11.without warning毫无预兆

  12.next to紧接着,相邻,次于

  13.get away from…避免,摆脱,离开

  14.disaster-hit areas灾区

  15.Listening to English is a very important skill because it is only when we understand what is said to us that we can have a conversation with somebody.

  听英语是一项很重要的技能,因为只有当我们懂得别人给我们说什么我们才能与他交谈。

  16.It is believed that人们认为…

  17.hold up举起;托住;支撑列举,推举

  18.make up弥补,虚构,整理,和解,化妆,拼凑

  19.be trapped in被困于…

  20.It is said that…据说...

  21.be fixed to…被固定到……

  22.be tied to…被绑在……

  高二英语必背知识点2

  1. 定义:用作表语的从句叫做表语从句。

  2. 构成:关联词+简单句

  3. 引导表语从句的关联词的种类:

  (1) 从属连词that。

  例如:The trouble is that I have lost his address. 麻烦是我把他的地址丢了。

  (2) 从属连词whether, as, as if。

  例如:He looked just as he had looked ten years before. 他看起来还与十年前一样。

  The question is whether they will be able to help us. 问题是他们是否能帮我们。

  注:从属连词if一般不用来引导表语从句,但as if却可引导表语从句,

  例如:All this was over twenty years ago, but it's as if it was only yesterday. 这都是20多年前的事了,但宛如昨天一样。

  能跟表语从句的谓语动词一般为系动词be, seem, look等。

  例如: It looked as if it was going to rain. 看起来天要下雨了。

  (3)连接代词:

  Who whom whose what

  Which whoever whatever whichever

  连接副词:

  Where when how why

  例如:The problem is who we can get to replace her. 问题是我们能找到谁去替换她呢。

  The question is how he did it. 问题是他是如何做此事的。

  That was what she did this morning on reaching the attic. 那就是她今晨上了阁楼干的。

  注:

  1. 连词because可引导表语从句。

  例如: I think it is because you are doing too much. 我想这是因为你做得太多。

  2. 在一些表示“建议、劝说、命令”的名词后面的表语从句中,谓语动词用虚拟语气。should+动词原形表示,should可省略。

  例如: My suggestion is that we (should) start early tomorrow. 我的建议是我们明天一早就出发。

  高二英语必背知识点3

  1.devotes…to doing奉于

  2.fight against对抗,反对,与……作斗争

  3.selflessly无私地

  4.be free from免于,不受

  5.be in prison入狱,在狱中服刑

  6.the first man to do第一个…的人

  7.The time when I first met him was a very difficult period of my life.

  第一次见到他的时候是在我一生中非常艰难的时期。

  8.He was generous with his time,for which I was grateful.

  他十分慷慨地给予我时间,我为此非常感激。

  9.become out of work.失业

  10.hope that…/to do

  11.as soon as I could尽快,马上

  12.We were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important,or fight the government.

  我们被置于这样一个境地:要么我们被迫接受低人一等的现实,要么跟政府作斗争。

  13.Only 位于句首,修饰状语从句时,主句采用部分倒装的语序。

  Only in this way can you come up with a solution to the problem.

  只有这样,你才能想出解决这个问题的办法。

  14.as a matter of fact事实上

  15.blow up爆炸,打气

  16.be equal to和…平等

  17.in trouble处于困境 遇到麻烦

  18.be willing to do sth.愿意,乐于

  19.turn to变成;求助于,借助于,翻到,转向

  turn to sb forhelp 向某人求助

  20.lose heart灰心;泄气,丧失勇气,失去信心

  21.escape from逃脱,逃离,从……逃出

  22.should have done本应做而未做

  needn’t have done本不需要做而做了

  can’t have done过去不可能做过(对过去的否定推测)

  must have done对过去的肯定推测

  23.pass the exam.通过考试

  24.be better educated受到良好教育

  25.come to power执政

  26.be proud to do sth.be proud of sth为…而自豪

  27.set up创立,建立,架起,建造

  The company was set up ten years ago.公司是十年前建立的。

  28.be sentenced to…被判处……

  29.Do you have any thoughts on that你认为那怎么样?

  30.to my understanding按我的理解to my opinion

  31.be accepted by…被……录取、接受

  32.die from死于…(事故等外部原因)die of死于…(疾病等自身原因)

  33.under way正在进行

  34.point of view观点

  35.compete with…与……竞争

  36.advise v.

  advise+n./pron.advise+ doing advise sb.to do sth.

  advise+that从句(从句的谓语用“should+v原”,should常省略)

  高二英语必背知识点4

  1.be good to对……友好be good for对……有益;be bad to…/be bad for…

  2.add up加起来 增加

  add up to合计,总计

  add…to把……加到……

  3.not…until/till意思是“直到…才”

  4.get sth/sb done使……完成/使某人被……

  5.calm down平静下来

  6.be concerned about关心,关注

  7.当while,when,before,after 等引导的时间状语从句中的主语与主句的主语一致时,可将从句中的主语和be动词省去。

  While walking the dog,you were careless and it got loose.

  8.cheat in the exam考试作弊

  9.go through经历;度过;获准,通过

  10.hide away躲藏;隐藏

  11.set down写下,记下

  12.I wonder if…我不知道是不是…

  12.on purpose故意

  13.sth happen to sb某人发生某事

  sb happen to do sth某人碰巧做某事

  it so happened that……正巧 碰巧

  14.It is the first(second…)that…(从句谓语动词用现在完成时)

  15.in one’s power处于……的控制之中

  16.It’s no pleasure doing…做…没有乐趣

  It’s no good/use doing sth.做某事是没好处/没用的

  17.She found it difficult to settle and calm down in the hiding place.it做形式宾语

  18.suffer from患…病;遭受

  19.so…that…/such…thay…

  20.get tired of…对…感到劳累 疲惫

  21.have some trouble with sb/sth.在……上遇到了麻烦

  22.get along with sb/sth.与某人相处

  23.ask(sb)for advice.(向某人)征求建议

  24.make后接复合宾语,宾语补足语须用不带to的不定式、形容词、过去分词、名词等。常见的有以下几种形式:

  make sb.do sth.让(使)某人做某事

  make sb./sth.+adj.使某人/物…

  make sb./oneself+v-ed 让某人/自己被…

  When you speak,you should make yourself understood.

  make sb.+n.使某人成为…

  25.alone /lonely.单独的/孤独的

  26.I would be grateful if…委婉客气提出请求

  27.Why not do…=why don’t you do…

  高二英语必背知识点5

  1.because of因为……(注意和because 的区别)

  2.even if(=even thoug)即使,用来引导让步状语从句

  3.come up走上前来,走近,发生,出现 come up with 追上,赶上,提出

  4.communicate with sb和某人交流

  5.be different from…与……不同

  be different in…在……方面不同

  Most of my projects are different in performance.我多数作品的演奏风格都不同。

  6.be based on以……为基础

  7.at present目前,眼下for the present眼前;暂时

  8.make(good/better/full)use of

  9.the latter后者 the former前者

  10.a large number of大量的 the number of…的数量

  11.such as例如

  12.hold on坚持住,握住不放;(打电话时)等—会

  13.…you will hear the difference in the way(that/in which)people speak.

  你会听出人们在说话时的差异。

  14.play a role/part(in)在…中担任角色;在…中起作用;扮演一个角色

  15.the same…as…与……一样

  16.at the top of…在…顶上

  at the bottom of在……底部

  17.bring up教养,养育;提出

  18.request sb(not)to do sth.要求某人做/不要做某事

  19.be satisfied with…对……感到满意,满足于

  20.suggest v.(request,insist…)

  I suggested you do what he says.我建议你按照他说的去做。

  I suggest you not go tomorrow.我想你明天还是不要去了。

  His pale face suggested that he was in bad health.他苍白的脸色暗示了他身体不好。

  注意:insist 意思为“坚持要求”时后面的that从句用虚拟语气;如果insist 意为“强调,坚持认为”的时候,从句可以用任何所需要的时态。例如:She insisted that she didn’t tell a lie.她坚持认为她没撒谎。

  21.according to…按照…根据…

  高二英语必背知识点6

  1.prefer

  Prefer doing…to doing…

  Prefer to do rather than do

  2.advantages/disadvantages优势/劣势

  2.Ever since middle school,my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.从高中起,我姐姐王维和我就一直梦想做一次伟大的自行车旅行。

  连词since引导的时间状语从句用一般过去时,介词since与时间点连用

  It is/has been+一段时间+since+一般过去时自从……至今已经多久了。

  3.persuade sb to do sth=persuade sb into doing sth说服某人做某事

  4.强调句型It is/was+被强调部分+that/who

  强调句型可以强调除谓语动词以外的任何句子成份。一般来说,如果被强调部分是人时,用连词that或who;如果被强调部分是物,只能用连词that。

  not…until的强调句

  5.be fond of喜欢,喜爱

  6.Although尽管,虽然,引导让步状语从句

  ① although 从句多在句首,though 从句可在主句前、中、后任何位置,而且though 可以作副词用于句末,作“但是,不过”讲,而although 无此用法。

  ② as though(仿佛,好像),even though(即使,尽管)中不能用although。

  ③ though 引导的让步状语从句可以倒装(将表语、状语、情态动词后的动词原形前置到句首,此用法同as),而 although 不可以。

  7.insist on doing sth/sth.一定要、坚持主张

  She insists on getting up early and playing her radio loudly.

  她老是一大早起来把收音机音量开大

  11.care about关心 在乎

  care for喜欢,照料,照顾

  12.change one’s mind改变主意

  13.experience经历/经验

  14.Once可作为从属连词,作“一(旦)……就……”解,连接一个表示时间的状语从句。从句中常用一般现在时\现在完成时表将来。

  Once you have begun you must continue.

  15.give in让步 give up 放弃

  16.instead of代替,而不是

  17.make up one’s mind to do下定决心做某事

  18.a large parcel of一大包

  19.as usual像往常一样

  20.put up our tent搭帐篷

  21.stay awake睡不着,醒着stay up熬夜

  22.for company做伴

  23.lie beneath the stars躺在星空下

  24.can hardly wait to do=can’t wait to do迫不及待做某事

  25.go in the right direction走正确的方向

  26.at a very slow pace.以很慢的速度

  27.be similar to类似于

  28.afford to do sth付得起,能承担

  29.be tired from因……而疲劳be tired of对……厌倦

  30.be in high spirits喜气洋洋,兴高采烈

  31.come true实现,成真

  32.give sb some advice on doing...

  33.a guide to………的指南

  34.on a tour在游览中,在巡演中

  35.in detail详细地

 

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